Complications

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The use of IVC filters was intended to prevent blood clots but has resulted in serious and sometimes life-threatening complications. Some of these include:

  • Blood clots

  • Breathing problems

  • Device embolization

  • Filter fractures

  • Heart or lung damage

  • Migration

  • Severe pain

  • Uncontrollable internal bleeding

  • Vein, organ and tissue punctures

  • Wrongful death
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    Studies About IVC Filter Risks

    Multiple studies and reports have identified the risks associated with the use of IVC filters. A report released in 2010 indicated that the FDA had received more than 900 reports of IVC filter complications. These included:

  • 70 filter perforations
  • 328 device migrations
  • 56 filter fractures
  • 146 embolisms

  • A 2013 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) involved 952 patients. Here are some of the results:

  • Approximately 680 patients had retrievable IVC filters, but physicians could remove only 58
  • Failed removal efforts included 13, and 11 of those patients had filters for more than 85 days

  • Repeated removal attempts involve a series of hospitalizations and surgeries, often resulting in physical, emotional and financial hardship.

    Additional Reports About IVC Filter Dangers

    Other reports describe problems with the IVC filter moving or breaking into pieces. These fragments can then migrate through the blood, travel through a vein wall and injure an internal organ. Blood clots have also occurred at the device insertion point, which the IVC device was designed to prevent.

    Some of the issues associated with specific IVC filters include the following:

    Recovery IVC Filter

    This device, which C.R. Bard manufactures, has resulted in numerous deaths and injuries. If fragments from the device migrate to the heart or lungs, problems may include:

  • Chest and neck pain
  • Confusion
  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Hemorrhaging or internal bleeding
  • Hypotension
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath

  • In severe cases, damage from IVC filters can result in:

  • Blood clots
  • Death
  • Severe bleeding
  • Stroke

  • A 2015 NBC News report stated that Bard may have been aware of the Recovery filter’s risks prior to reports of complications.

    Bard Recovery and Bard G2 Retrievable Filters

    Reports cite problems with movement and fragmentation after the use of these devices. A study published in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine documents high rates of these occurrences. Another study in the Journal of the American Medical Association notes that only 58 of 679 IVC filter patients ever had the devices removed, even after their risk of blood clots had been addressed. For physicians who attempted removal of the IVC device, successful elimination of all the filter pieces was extremely difficult. This problem exposes patients to ongoing health risks and the need for repeated surgeries. Cook Medical, which makes the Cook Celect and Gunther Tulip IVC filters, and other manufacturers have also produced IVC devices. Many of these have led to serious health problems and death, which are reasons for filing a blood clot filter lawsuit.